Article 2: Declaration of State Principles
Section 1. The sovereign geopolitical entity called the Philippines is a federal republic. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority being exercised comes from them. The official name of this entity in the Filipino language is “Republika Federal ng Pilipinas.”
Section 2. The national territory consists of the islands which form the Philippine archipelago, the waters that border and connect those islands, and all other territories belonging to the Philippines by historic title, by discovery, or any other means recognized under international law.
Section 3. The Philippines never initiates war unless in self-defense, adopts the generally-accepted principles of international law as part of its basic laws, and adheres to a just, free, and friendly atmosphere with all nations.
Section 4. Civilian authority is supreme over the military for all time. The Armed Forces shall secure the sovereignty of the State and the integrity of the national territory.
Section 5. The prime duty of the Government is to serve and protect the people. The Government may call upon volunteer citizens to defend the State to render personal, military or civil service. A standing army is maintained, but shall never be used against the people themselves.
Section 6. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property are essential duties of the State.
Section 7. The separation of Church and State shall not be broken. The Church shall have no right, in full accordance of the law, to conduct or intervene in political affairs of the People and the State.
Section 8. The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy. In its relations with other states the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination.
Section 9. No weapons of mass destruction shall be installed in Philippine territory.
Section 10. The State shall ensure the autonomy of local governments or clusters thereof, towards the ultimate establishment of a federal system of government.
Section 11. The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service.
Section 12. Subject to reasonable conditions prescribed by law, the State adopts and implements a policy of full public disclosure of all its transactions except when the nation is engaged in war