Chapter VI – Military and Police Forces
Article 9. The Government may call upon the people to defend the State and, in the fulfillment thereof, all citizens may be required, under conditions provided by law, to render personal, military or civil service.
The Armed Forces of the Philippines shall be composed of a citizen armed force which shall undergo military training and serve, as may be provided by law. It shall keep a regular force necessary for the security of the State.
Civilian authority shall at all times be supreme over the military.
Article 10. All members of the armed forces shall make a solemn affirmation to uphold and defend this Constitution.
Professionalism in the armed forces and adequate remuneration and benefits of its members shall be a prime concern of the State. The armed forces shall be insulated from partisan politics. No member of the military shall engage directly or indirectly in any partisan political activity, except to vote.
No member of the armed forces in the active service shall, at any time, be appointed or designated in any capacity to a civilian position in the Government including government-owned or controlled corporations or any of their subsidiaries.
Laws on retirement of military officers shall not allow extension of their service.
The tour of duty of the Chief of Staff of the armed forces shall not exceed three years. However, in times of war or other national emergency declared by the National Assembly, the President of the Republic, upon the binding advice of the President of the Council of Government, may extend such tour of duty.
Article 11. The State shall provide immediate and adequate care, benefits, and other forms of assistance to war veterans and veterans of military campaigns, their surviving spouses and orphans.
Article 12. The State shall establish and maintain one police force, which shall be national in scope and civilian in character, to be administered and controlled by a National Police Commission. The authority of local and autonomous territorial executives over the police units in their jurisdiction shall be provided by law.